European Green Belt – from Iron Curtain to Lifeline
Across 12 500 kilometres (over 7700 miles) the Green Belt stretches along the one-time Iron Curtain forming a corridor of habitats for an exceptional diversity of species. It reaches from the North of Europe to the Black Sea in the South. In the meantime the inspiring idea of transforming the Iron Curtain into a “European Green Belt” has at least partially become reality.
Link to the “Natural backbone of Europe” interview given by EuroNatur executive director Gabriel Schwaderer at the 20th anniversary jubilee of the Green Belt Initiative published on 24th July 2009 by spektrumdirekt (only in German).
Like a string of natural pearls linked one to another
For decades the Iron Curtain divided East and West. In the North of Europe it is still present between Finland and the former Soviet Union. Up to 1989 it cut across Germany running on through the Balkans right down to the Black Sea. For people the Iron Curtain was an impenetrable barrier. Nature, however, benefited from the fact that the border area was largely spared human exploitation. And so here they lie – strung out across the continent like precious natural pearls in a necklace - pristine forests and swamps, traditionally cultivated landscapes rich in species as well as wild mountain ranges and river landscapes such as can hardly be found anywhere else in Europe. Here the Green Belt provides valuable habitats for wolves, bears, lynxes, eagles and migrating birds such as the Spoonbill and Crane, to name just a few.
Please click on one of the pictures to open the gallery
What dangers are threatening Nature along the European Green Belt?
Nature's peace has been rudely disturbed since the political changes of the early 1990s. No longer protected by the Iron Curtain Nature is under threat: whether it is from roads cutting through species-rich forests in the former border area, or from chanelling projects which destroy ancient, natural river courses or again from the ravages of logging and skiing tourism in practically untouched mountain ranges. Valuable refuges for Europe's largest mammals such as Wolf, Bear and Lynx are endangered. And the wetlands with their wealth of species and resting places for migratory birds are in danger of disappearing.
The European Green Belt – Europe's largest nature conservation initiative
The goal of the “European Green Belt Initiative” along the former Iron Curtain is to secure a European natural heritage in all its diversity for coming generations. The project which was originally limited to the German-German border area and began as “The German Green Belt” was soon after its inception extended to cover Europe. The “European Green Belt” was launched as an international initiative in 2003 by EuroNatur with the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
Since the “European Green Belt” stretches across many countries within Europe and numerous stakeholders work for the protection of this wildlife corridor the coordination of the initiative represents a formidable challenge. Participants are EU member states, acceding, candidate and potential candidate countries as also non-EU states (Norway and Russia).
Initiative celebrates 10th anniversary
In 2013 the European Green Belt initiative celebrated its 10th anniversary. The activities around the anniversary were coordinated by EuroNatur.
|The Balkan Green Belt – where EuroNatur has particular experience|
|Brochure "The European Green Belt Initiative -10 years of challenges, experiences and achievements" (pdf, 3 MB)|
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