EU becomes active for Romania's primeval forests

EU announces legal action against Romania for illegal logging of Europe’s last natural forests.

<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>

In the Romanian Carpathians there is still a forest wilderness as it has not been known in large parts of Central Europe since the Middle Ages.

© Matthias Schickhofer
<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>

Huge logging area in Semenic mountains.

© Matthias Schickhofer / EuroNatur

Brussels. The European Commission has announced today its decision to pursue legal action against Romanian authorities over their systemic and continuous failure to protect Europe’s last natural forest.

The announcement follows complaints submitted last year to the European Commission by environmental groups Agent Green, ClientEarth and EuroNatur against Romania’s ongoing and deliberate destruction of tens of thousands of hectares of its protected old-growth and primeval forests.

The groups claimed that Romania’s state forestry management is conducting logging operations within protected Natura 2000 areas without proper analysis of the impact in these unique sites. Failure to carry adequate and strategic environmental assessments when approving logging in protected areas and lack of access to environmental information breaches EU law.

The environmental groups therefore welcome the launch of the Commission’s infringement proceedings against Romania as a new hope to protect the country’s natural forests. 

ClientEarth lawyer Ewelina Tylec-Bakalarz said: “The destruction of Romanian forests is a huge systemic problem far exceeding in scale the illegal logging of Poland’s Bialowieza forest, which was the basis of our legal challenge three years ago. “The Romanian government has repeatedly failed to fulfil its obligations to protect its forests under a number of European environmental laws. By opening infringement proceedings against Romania, the European Commission is sending a clear signal that it takes this problem very seriously. This is an important warning that Romania must stop blatantly disregarding its legal obligation to protect these unique forests”.

Gabriel Schwaderer, CEO of the German EuroNatur Foundation added: “Romania is still home to more than half a million hectares of primary and old-growth forests, although enormous areas have been logged since 2007 when the country joined the EU. Natura 2000 sites are hot spots of logging. EU legislation has been widely ignored. Thus, the Commission intervention comes last minute and we urge to speed up the process as it is the only real chance to save a very large share of Europe’s last great natural forests. They are home to many important and threatened animal and plant species and they store enormous amounts of CO2”.

Gabriel Paun of Agent Green warned: “Imagine for example a single clear cut on a surface of 3700 hectares in Maramures Natura 2000 site, the region where Liviu Pop, a local forest ranger has been killed recently. The place looks like a battlefield and is larger than the entire city of Brussels. We have documented 10 000 hectares of logging in this protected area including in priority habitats made of ash and alder trees. These woods were home for bears, wolves, lynx and many wonderful wild creatures. Economically, at least 5 million m3 of wood in value of at least a quarter of a billion euros are missing just from the clear cuts we documented in this site. But the same happens in Fagaras, the Carpathian most beloved mountains and other Natura 2000 sites. These actions happen in both, state and privately owned forests. The situation is completely out of control”.

Agent Green, ClientEarth and EuroNatur welcome the action taken by the European Commission and call on the Romanian Government to:
1.    Immediately start complying with Nature Directives.
2.    Strictly preserve all remaining primary and old-growth forests as indicated in PRIMOFARO inventory that overlaps with Natura 2000 network.
3.    Protect primary and old-growth forests located outside Natura 2000 sites.
4.    Publish logging plans and forest age data of all forest management plans of Natura 2000 sites. 
As part of the infringement proceedings launched today against Romania for illegal logging within its Natura 2000 sites, the Commission is also taking legal action for Romania’s failure to properly implement the EU Timber Regulation (EUTR) by allowing illegally harvested timber to enter the EU market.
 
The Romanian government has now just one month to send a detailed reply to the concerns raised by the European Commission. The Commission will then decide whether to take further steps towards bringing the case before the Court of Justice of the European Union – the EU’s highest court.

Press contacts:
EuroNatur:
Anja Arning, anja.arning(at)euronatur.org,  Tel.: +49 (0)7732 - 92 72 13
Agent Green: Gabriel Paun, gabriel.paun(at)agentgreen.org, Tel: +436641850717; Catalina Radulescu, info@agentgreen.org, +40740161116
ClientEarth: Bianca Vergnaud, bvergnaud(at)clientearth.org Tel: +32 (0)2 808 34 72


Background information:

Romania still has more than 525 000 hectares of potential old-growth and primary forests, which is more than any other EU Member State (outside Scandinavia).

The PRIMOFARO inventory (Primary and Old Growth Forest Areas of Romania), an analysis by EuroNatur and Agent Green, reveals that forest destruction is progressing quickly.

Despite efforts by Romanian civil society groups to stop illegal logging, the situation in Romania has continued to deteriorate. The official national forest inventory shows that on top of 18 million m3 of legally harvested wood, another 8.8 million m3 of forest were extracted annually between 2009 and 2013 and increased to 20.6 million m3 annually between 2014 and 2018.

Links to relevant videos: Primary forests, Maramures, Fagaras.

About EuroNatur:
EuroNatur is a nature conservation foundation based in Radolfzell, Germany. Our efforts for a Europe with free-flowing rivers, ancient forests and a rich variety of cultural landscapes are transboundary in nature; we strengthen local conservation organizations and create international networks between them. Together with our Europe-wide partner network we create solutions that allow humans to live and work in harmony with nature. Our aim is a powerful network committed to protecting our European natural heritage. 

About Agent Green:
Agent Green Association is a non-profit NGO for environmental protection and biodiversity conservation founded in 2009 in Romania. Established to protect Retezat Mountains, one of the last intact forest landscapes in the temperate climate of Europe, Agent Green evolved into carrying out investigations, scientific approach, strategic cooperation and effective campaigns targeted at bringing about positive and lasting change for nature.

About ClientEarth:
ClientEarth is a charity that uses the power of the law to protect people and the planet. We are international lawyers finding practical solutions for the world’s biggest environmental challenges. We are fighting climate change, protecting oceans and wildlife, making forest governance stronger, greening energy, making business more responsible and pushing for government transparency. We believe the law is a tool for positive change. From our offices in London, Brussels, Warsaw, Berlin, Madrid and Beijing, we work on laws throughout their lifetime, from the earliest stages to implementation. And when those laws are broken, we go to court to enforce them.
 

Mitmachen und dabei sein - werden Sie aktiv:

Spende

Zukunft braucht Natur. Wir setzen uns für sie ein. Bitte nutzen Sie Ihre Möglichkeiten, um zu helfen. Mit Ihrer Spende leisten Sie einen wirkungsvollen Beitrag für eine lebenswerte Umwelt.

Fördermitgliedschaft

EuroNatur setzt auf langfristig angelegte Naturschutzprojekte statt Schnellschüsse. Mit Ihren regelmäßigen Spendenbeiträgen geben Sie uns die dafür nötige Planungssicherheit.

Aktuelles

Kurz vor den Wahlen verkündet Rumänien den Schutz einiger Urwälder

Nach Jahren bürokratischer Mühen stehen manche rumänische Primärwälder – wie das Boia-Mică-Tal im Făgăraș-Gebirge – nun endlich unter Schutz....

Dank Wildnisfonds: Neue Schutzgebiete am Grünen Band

Stiftungen am Grünen Band erwerben mit Mitteln aus dem Wildnisfonds insgesamt knapp 400 Hektar, auf denen nun Wildnis entstehen darf. Die in der...

Wolfspopulation in Westpolen trotz Wachstum noch nicht sicher

Eine jetzt veröffentlichte Langzeitstudie über die Ausbreitung der Wölfe in Westpolen macht deutlich, dass trotz kontinuierlich wachsender Zahlen in...

Salinen-Bagger im Altmetall gelandet

Um Naturschutzmaßnahmen in der Saline Ulcinj durchführen zu können, finanzierte EuroNatur 2004 einen Bagger. Mit ihm sollten Dämme und Deiche in Stand...

Juristischer Sieg für Rumäniens Wälder

Lange haben die rumänische Regierung und das staatliche Forstmanagement Romsilva Informationen über die Waldbestände im Land geheim gehalten, entgegen...

Gesucht: Vogel des Jahres 2021

++ Erstmals wird der Vogel des Jahres von der Bevölkerung gewählt ++ Große Beteiligung bei der Jubiläumsaktion ++ Naturschutzstiftung EuroNatur...

Bedrohtes Inselparadies

Im äußersten Nordosten Korfus, unweit des albanischen Festlands, liegt die Erimitis-Halbinsel. Vom Massentourismus ist sie bisher noch verschont...

Beschwerde an Berner Konvention wegen Staudämmen an der Neretva

++ Naturschutzorganisationen erheben bei der Berner Konvention Beschwerde gegen Bosnien-Herzegowina wegen Bewilligung von Dammbauten an der oberen...

Slowenische Regierung plant Ausbau der Wasserkraft

An der Save in Slowenien soll eine Reihe von Wasserkraftwerken entstehen; die Regierung in Ljubljana hat mehrere Konzessionen vergeben. Naturschützer...

Zeugen illegalen Holzeinschlags in Rumänien

Recherchereise von Thomas Waitz, Europaabgeordneter der Grünen aus Österreich, zusammen mit Agent Green zeigt, dass der illegale Holzeinschlag in...

EuroNatur-Preis 2020 für ausdauernde Pestizidgegner

++ Südtiroler Gemeinde Mals erhält diesjährigen EuroNatur-Preis ++ Überregionale Bekanntheit durch Kampf um Pestizidverbot mitten in der...

Naturschutz für EU-Beitritt unabdingbar

Wasserkraft, Abholzungen, Biodiversität: Bericht der Kommission zu den EU-Beitrittskandidaten formuliert klare Anforderungen für den Naturschutz.

30 Jahre Wiedervereinigung – 31 Jahre Grünes Band

BUND, European Green Belt Association und Deutscher Kulturrat unterstützen Nominierung als UNESCO-Welterbe

Grünes Band Europa: Naturschutz verbindet Nachbarn

++ 30 Jahre Deutsche Wiedervereinigung ++ Naturschutz entlang des ehemaligen Eisernen Vorhangs als zentrales europäisches Friedensprojekt ++

Ohne Pestizide – für eine zukunftsfähige Landwirtschaft

++ EuroNatur-Preis 2020 geht an die Gemeinde Mals in Südtirol ++ Immer wieder werden Pestizidgegnerinnen und -gegner mit Klagen konfrontiert ++...