Eco-Masterplan shows value of Balkan Rivers

++ 80,000 kilometers of rivers in the Balkans scientifically assessed ++ 76 percent thereof identified as no-go zones for hydropower development ++ Switch in energy policy is necessary and possible ++

<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>

The Eco-Masterplan. More than 80,000 kilometers of Balkan rivers and streams were scientifically assessed, 76% thereof were defined as No-go zones for the construction of hydropower plants. The Blue Heart of Europe must continue to beat.

<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>

Dam construction on the Sana in Bosnia-Herzegovina. About 3,000 hydropower projects are planned or already under construction in the Balkans, one third of them in protected areas. About 50 fish species would go extinct or be driven to the brink ox extinction if these projects were realized.

© Matic Oblak
<p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p><p> </p>

The Morača in Montenegro is one of the most valuable rivers in Europe for fish and other organisms. According to the Eco-Masterplan, her entire course should be a designated No-go area for hydropower development.

© Sergey Lyashenko

Vienna, Radolfzell. Three quarters of the rivers in the Balkans are ecologically so valuable, that they should be completely off limits for hydropower development. This is the conclusion of the Eco-Masterplan, which was published today by the NGOs Riverwatch and EuroNatur within the context of the “Save the Blue Heart of Europe” campaign. The Eco-Master Plan is a kind of spatial plan for the watercourses between Slovenia and Greece, indicating No-go zones for new hydropower plants. For this purpose, a river network of over 80,000 kilometers in length was scientifically assessed. The result: about 61,000 kilometers of river (76 percent) are of high ecological quality and therefore designated as No-go zones for hydropower expansion (click here for visual story-map). "We call upon investors and decision-makers in the Balkans and in the EU to refrain from approving hydropower plants in these No-go areas in the future. The protection of Balkan Rivers is a pan-European task and the Eco-Masterplan is a tool for all those in charge in order to preserve this treasure, "so Riverwatch and EuroNatur.

Since hydropower plants always cause considerable damage to nature, the decisive factor in the planning stage is the selection of the location. Therefore, the most important question to be asked in project development is: "Where should we NOT construct?” The Eco-Masterplan delivers an answer to this question an provides a fundamental data basis for investors and decision-makers.

For the first time, this plan combines knowledge about biodiversity (fish, mussels, caddisflies), integrity of rivers and floodplains, as well as the location of protected areas. All this data is shown in graphs and maps. It is a suitable tool to curb the devastating plans for hydropower expansion, to preserve biodiversity and beauty of these river landscapes, to avoid social conflicts and to increase planning security for investors.

Currently, about 3,000 hydropower plants are in the pipeline or already under construction between Slovenia and Greece. About 1000 of these are planned within high-ranking protected areas such as National Parks and Natura 2000 sites. Moreover, the unique biodiversity in these rivers is facing collapse, should these projects be realized. Hundreds of species could go extinct, including 11 fish species, according to scientists. Even the already threatened populations of the Huchen could decline by about 70 percent and the species thus be driven to the brink of extinction.

From a social point of view, there is also an urgent need for action: more and more residents and initiatives resist the flood of hydropower projects. In Serbia, for example, 3,000 people recently took to the streets against the planned construction of 60 hydropower projects in the Stara Planina Natural Park, stopping the start of construction. In Bosnia-Herzegovina, the "brave women of Kruščica" have been blocking a power plant construction site for more than a year – day and night.

“This Eco-Masterplan is the most essential basis for any further planning on the Balkan rivers. The “No-go” zones for hydropower plants are at the same time the "Go-areas" for rare animals and plants, for unique landscapes, for residents and all nature lovers”, says Ulrich Eichelmann, CEO of Riverwatch.

Energy alternatives
According to the Eco-Masterplan, 89 percent of all planned hydropower projects are located in the No-go areas. An energy study, which was commissioned for the Eco-Masterplan, shows that these projects could be easily substituted by the expansion of other sources of renewable energy, particularly solar and wind.

However, the Balkans are currently focusing almost exclusively on hydropower, while little is being invested in photovoltaics – despite as many as 300 days of sunshine per year, as in Albania. "The Eco-Masterplan has proven once again that the Balkan rivers are simply too valuable to lose. They are the Blue Heart of Europe. Their destruction by hydropower would not only be ecologically and socially devastating, but would also be nonsense in regards to energy politics", says Gabriel Schwaderer, CEO of EuroNatur. A switch in the energy policy is needed in the Balkans: reduction of major energy losses, halt of hydropower development and instead investment in solar and wind, according to EuroNatur and Riverwatch.

Background information:
• Find the data of the Eco-Masterplan visualized in THIS STORY-MAP
• Eco-Masterplan for Balkan Rivers for Download
• The campaign Save the Blue Heart of Europe aims to protect the most valuable rivers in the Balkans from a dam tsunami of about 3,000 planned projects. The campaign is coordinated by the NGOs Riverwatch and EuroNatur and carried out together with partner organisations in the Balkan countries.

Contact:
Anja Arning, Public Relations, EuroNatur
anja.arning(at)euronatur.org; +49 7732 927213

Ulrich Eichelmann, Save the Blue Heart campaign coordinator, Riverwatch
ulrich.eichelmann(at)riverwatch.eu, +43 676 6621512



How you can help

Donation

Future needs nature. EuroNatur cares for it. Please use your possibilities to help. With your donation you will make an effective contribution to a more livable environment.

Newsletter

Twice a month, EuroNatur provides you with the latest campaign and project information about Europe's natural heritage free of charge and at first hand.

News

At long last a clear statement: EuroNatur welcomes the biodiversity strategy for the EU

++ European Commission presents biodiversity strategy ++ In future 10% of the land surface area should be placed under strict protection ++ To...

Europe's largest river protection area on the verge of gaining approval

Europe's largest river protection area could soon be created along three rivers - the Danube, the Drava and the Mur. On 7 May, after also receiving...

EuroNatur project areas in North Macedonia are to be given protected status

Good news: the Shar Mountains in North Macedonia could soon become a national park, a successful conclusion to the long campaign waged by EuroNatur...

Photo documentation about loggings in Romania’s Natura 2000 areas published

EuroNatur and Agent Green present a photo documentation and a video that give an insight into the tragic fate of the wild forests in Romania’s Natura...

Expansion of hydropower under protection of curfew

++ Increasing destruction of nature in times of pandemic ++ Investors exploit the corona crisis for illegal construction of hydropower plants ++...

Destruction of Romania’s natural forests: Environmental groups pursue new legal action against Romanian authorities

Environmental organisations EuroNatur, Agent Green and ClientEarth have revealed the catastrophic scale of illegal logging of old-growth and primary...

A snapshot of forests with great potential

The PRIMOFARO study: an assessment of Romania’s precious primary and old growth forests

New report reveals total neglect for virgin forest protection in Romania

++New report shows: virgin forests don’t get included in the National Catalogue++Authorities block or lose studies and willingly prevent the...

Breeding record for Dalmatian pelicans

No sign of spring fatigue: for the Dalmatian pelicans of the Albanian Karavasta Lagoon the breeding season is in full swing. The number of pelicans...

“Bear Killer Gang” sentenced

In northern Spain, members of an organised group of poachers from the province of Palencia were convicted - an important success for bear protection.

Challenge Corona

The corona virus is changing our lives; EuroNatur is also doing what is necessary to prevent further spread of the virus. The offices are empty, but...

Complaint against Serbia submitted to Energy Community

EuroNatur and three other NGOs submit a complaint to the Energy Community against Serbia’s failure to fully assess the environmental impacts of small...

Wild bird crime in Serbia is threatening the populations of migratory birds

++ Bird migration is already in full swing ++ Many birds are falling victim to poachers in the Balkans ++ EuroNatur and their Serbian partner...

Success for Romania’s virgin forests: a ban on felling in the Domogled National Park

The Romanian Supreme Court has forbidden any further exploitation of the ancient forests in the Domogled-Valea Cernei National Park. The judgment...

Female Balkan lynx fitted with tracking device

Our partners from the North Macedonian nature conservation organisation MES have fitted a Balkan lynx with a tracking device. The female, named...

By using our services, you agree that we use cookies. Data protection