Bojana Buna Delta and Lake Skadar

Lake Skadar and the Bojana Buna Delta: the Noah's Ark of the Adriatic

© EuroNatur und Landsat
© EuroNatur und Landsat

Nestling between the Dinaric Alps and the Adriatic in the southwest section of the Balkan Green Belt lies the largest remaining wetland on the Adriatic Flyway - a magnificent suite of natural landscapes in the border areas between Montenegro and Albania. It is the Bojana-Buna Delta with its salt flats at Ulcinj and Lake Skadar further inland.

On its way to the Adriatic the outflow of Lake Skadar (known as Buna in Albania and Bojana in Montenegro) forms a unique, natural corridor of wet meadows, natural beaches, freshwater lakes just inland of the beach, saltwater or brackish lagoons and riparian forests. The river, which also marks the border, divides the 30-kilometre beach almost symmetrically and forms a vast delta. Its extraordinary biodiversity makes the area a veritable Noah's Ark on the Adriatic.



Globally important resting place for migratory birds

Cormorants, Pygmy Cormorants, Spoonbills and many varieties of Heron have built up stable breeding colonies here. In addition Lake Skadar and all the wetlands in the Bojana Buna Delta are among the most important resting places for migratory birds flying over the Adriatic Sea to North Africa and back. For 23 waterbird species the area of Lake Skadar with the Bojana-Buna Delta is a resting place of international importance.

The pressure on nature is great

However, the political turnaround at the beginning of the 1990s brought new dangers for Nature with it. Since the opening of the former Iron Curtain borders the precious natural resources of Bojana-Buna and Lake Skadar are in danger of falling prey to a phase of uncontrolled development. Above all illegal building, unregulated leisure activities, the construction of dams and bird-hunting are in danger of destroying the idyll. Intense efforts are required from local and international nature conservation organisations to preserve the Bojana-Buna Delta and Lake Skadar as pearls on the European Green Belt and as a vital resting place for birds on the Adriatic Flyway.



>>> Read more about the EuroNatur projects for the protection of the Bojana-Buna Delta and Lake Skadar

 

 

 

 

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